Jane, a sophomore in college, was raised in a conservative family and actively attended a Baptist church. Her parents instilled within her the conviction that she should wait for marriage before having sex, and she even signed a purity pledge, promising to God to stay pure until marriage.
During high school she dated a boy from her church, but she nevertheless stuck to her vows. Shortly after entering college, though, she fell in love with a handsome student named Bob, their relationship got steamy, and she set her purity vow aside.
A particularly popular and social guy, Bob brought Jane to drinking parties across campus that would go on late into the night, and the two would frequently crash on a bedroom floor with other guests. On one occasion, a couple in the same room began getting intimate; Bob followed suit with Jane. The Consequentialist perspective on homosexuality statistics were off, and both couples were under covers on the opposite sides of the room, and Jane, though a little embarrassed, complied.
The situation repeated itself the next night, but this time both couples were in more plain view. The two couples became close friends, and before long they swapped partners, and the guys encouraged the girls to be intimate with each other. They took digital pictures of their activities, blotting out their faces, and posted them on the internet. Jane and Bob drifted apart and she began casually dating on her own, typically sleeping with her new date on the first night.
One day while cleaning out her dresser she found her old purity pledge and laughed. What she became in college was exactly what she was hoping to avoid in high school. Is it OK to view sexually explicit photos, or post some of your own on the internet?
The list continues when couples are married: Some married couples have polyamorous relationships, that is, have more than one sexual partner at a time with the knowledge and consent of everyone. The liberal answer to all of these questions is a qualified yes: The traditional answer is an unqualified no: When we consider non-traditional sexual behaviors such as premarital sex, adultery, and "Consequentialist perspective on homosexuality statistics," we invariably make moral judgments about them, much as we do any other morally controversial issue.
What is unique about the issue of sexual morality, though, is that there is an underlying biological drive towards sexual activity. We do not, by contrast, have a biological inclination to take recreational drugs, abort fetuses, damage the environment, harm animals, or engage in most other morally controversial actions.
While understanding the biological factors of human sexuality will not by itself resolve the moral issues, it does reveal the kind of sexual creatures that we are by nature. There is no mystery regarding the main biological purpose of sexual activity in both humans and animals: Biologists believe that sexual reproduction emerged within the animal world million years ago, with asexual reproduction being the sole means prior to that.
Animal species each have their own mating rituals, and it is impossible to clump all animal sexual behavior into a single category. However, one of the more important sexual issues regarding animals is the extent to which they are by nature monogamous, that is, inclined to have Consequentialist perspective on homosexuality statistics single mate.
For decades, conventional wisdom had it that many species mated for life, particularly birds, but more recent science has overturned that presumption. Thus, genetic monogamy in animals is even rarer than social monogamy. Monogamy in general may be a useful survival mechanism when the offspring are especially at risk and may benefit by having two parents. But socially monogamous animals that play the field also have survival advantages: It is unlikely that animals have these reproduction benefits Consequentialist perspective on homosexuality statistics mind while either remaining faithful or cheating; rather, it is more like a blind inner impulse that drives them Consequentialist perspective on homosexuality statistics their respective sexual behaviors.
The sexual behavior among primates, our closest genetic relatives, is particularly diverse. At the other extreme are Bonobo apes, sometimes called Pygmy Chimpanzees, which are notoriously promiscuous. Sex, for the Bonobo, functions as a mechanism for social bonding, apart from its reproductive purpose. It helps establish a wide network of relationships and smoothes over conflicts. Whereas we shake hands to greet each other, Bonobos have sex. Further, different males within their community copulate successively with the same adult female and, when an infant is born, each male behaves as if it is Consequentialist perspective on homosexuality statistics father.
Less than one-third of their sexual contacts are between adults of the opposite sex: Their sexual techniques are also varied as they display face-to-face genital sex, tongue kissing, oral sex, and genital rubbing. If a zoologist were to classify human sexual behavior strictly based on our actual conduct, how would we compare to other primates and the rest of the animal world? While we are not as promiscuous as Bonobo chimps, we are not as monogamous as Gibbons monkeys. Sociobiologist David Barash describes our biological predisposition towards having multiple sexual partners:.
Social conservatives like to point out what they see as threats to "family values.
Monogamy is definitely under siege, not by government, declining morals, or some vast homosexual conspiracy -- but by our own evolutionary biology. Infants have their infancy. Our best information about human sexual activity comes from surveys where researchers directly ask questions to people about their Consequentialist perspective on homosexuality statistics lives. While surveys like these have been conducted with regularity in recent decades, none are completely accurate.
One reason is that people are prone to lie when asked sensitive questions about their sexual histories, in part from fear that the information will leak, and in part from a sense of embarrassment over their conduct. Here, though, are some statistics.
As a species, we begin having sex shortly after reaching puberty, with the average in the U.