Societal attitudes toward homosexuality vary
Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics in different cultures Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics different historical periods, as do attitudes toward sexual desire, activity and relationships in general. All cultures have their own values regarding appropriate and inappropriate sexuality ; some sanction same-sex love and sexualitywhile others may disapprove of such activities in part.
Many of the world's cultures have, in the past, considered procreative sex within a recognized relationship to be a sexual norm—sometimes exclusively so, and sometimes alongside norms of same-sex love, whether passionate, intimate or sexual. Some sects within some religionsespecially those influenced by the Abrahamic traditionhave censured homosexual acts and relationships at various times, in some cases implementing severe punishments.
Since the s, much of the world has become more accepting of same-sex sexuality between partners of legal age.
The survey also finds "acceptance of homosexuality is particularly widespread in countries where religion is less central in people's lives.
These are also among the richest countries in the world. In contrast, in poorer countries with high levels of religiosity, few believe homosexuality should be accepted by society. Age is also a factor in several countries, with younger respondents offering far more tolerant views than older ones. And while gender differences are not prevalent, in those countries where they are, women are consistently more accepting of homosexuality than men.
Contemporary scholars caution against applying modern Western assumptions about sex and gender to other times and places; what looks like same-sex sexuality to a Western observer may not be "same-sex" or "sexual" at all to the people engaging in such behaviour. For example, in the Bugis cultures of Sulawesia female who dresses and works in a masculine fashion and marries a woman is seen as belonging to a third gender ;  to the Bugistheir relationship is not homosexual see sexual orientation and gender identity.
In the case of 'Sambia' a pseudonym boys in New Guinea who ingest the semen of older males to aid in their maturation,  it is disputed whether this is best understood as a sexual act at all. From the s, academics have researched attitudes held by individuals toward lesbians, gay men and bisexuals, and the social and cultural factors that underlie such attitudes. Numerous studies have investigated the prevalence of acceptance and disapproval of homosexuality, and have consistently found correlates with various demographic, psychological, and social Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics. For example, studies mainly conducted in the United States have found that heterosexuals with positive attitudes towards homosexuality are more likely to be female, white, young, non-religious, Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics, politically liberal or moderate, and have close personal contact with out homosexuals.
The heterosexual males, however, tended to respond more negatively, or unfavorably, to gay men than lesbians. Social psychologists such as Gregory Herek have examined underlying motivations for homophobia hostility toward lesbians and gaysand cultural theorists have noted Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics portrayals of homosexuality often center around stigmatized phenomena such as AIDS, pedophilia, and gender variance.
The extent to which such portrayals are stereotypes is disputed. Contemporary researchers have measured attitudes held by heterosexuals toward gay men and lesbians in a number of different ways.
Certain populations are also found to accept homosexuality more than others. According to a poll, a strong majority of Israeli Jews say they would accept a gay child and go on with life as usual.
Much less research has been conducted into societal attitudes toward bisexuality. Research mainly conducted in the United States show that people with more permissive attitudes on sexual orientation issues tend to be younger, well-educated, "Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics" politically liberal. Tolerant attitudes toward homosexuality and bisexuality have been increasing with time. A Public Policy Polling survey found that 48 percent of voters in the state of Delaware supported the legalization of same-sex marriage, while 47 were opposed and 5 percent were not sure.
The principal subject surveyed was "sexual orientation".
Child in love with someone of the same sex? Support for marriage equality? All other responses were "don't know". Being LGBT a crime? Feeling if neighbour were gay lesbian?
Same-sex desire a Western world phenomenon? When asked, "is same-sex desire a Western world phenomenon? The legal status of homosexuality varies greatly around the world. Homosexual acts between consenting adults are known to be illegal in about 70 out of the countries of "Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics" world. Homosexual sex acts may be illegal, especially under sodomy lawsand where they are legal, the age of consent often differs from country to country.
In some cases, homosexuals are prosecuted under vaguely worded "public decency" or morality laws. Some countries have special laws preventing certain public expressions of homosexuality. Some give exemptions, allowing employers to discriminate if they
Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics a religious organisation, or if the employee works with children.
Legal recognition of same-sex relationships also varies greatly. Legal privileges pertaining to different-sex relationships that may be extended to same-sex couples include parenting, adoption and access to reproductive technologies ; immigration ; spousal benefits for employees such as pensions, health funds and other services; family leave; medical rights, including hospital visitation, notification and power of attorney ; inheritance when a partner dies without leaving a will; and social security and tax benefits.
Same-sex couples without legal recognition may also lack access to Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics violence services, as well as mediation and arbitration over custody and property when relationships end.
Some regions have laws specifically excluding same-sex couples from particular rights such as adoption. Inthe Netherlands became the first country to recognize same-sex marriage. Austria and Taiwan will legalise same-sex marriage in Same-sex marriage is also recognized in 12 Mexican states and the Mexican federal district of Mexico City.
EnglandWales and Scotlandconstituent countries of the United Kingdomalso legalized same-sex marriage inbut it remains illegal in Northern Ireland. Armenia, Israel, and Estonia recognise but do not perform such marriages. Other legal recognition of same sex relationships offering fewer benefits than marriage include civil unions and domestic partnerships.
On the other end of the spectrum, several countries impose the death penalty for homosexual acts, per the application of some interpretations of Shari'a law. In Saudi Arabia, the maximum punishment for homosexuality is public execution. However, the government will use other punishments — e.
Iran is perhaps the nation to execute the largest number of its citizens for homosexuality. Since the Islamic revolution in Iran, the Iranian government has executed more than 4, people charged with homosexual acts.
Most international human rights organizations, such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty Internationalcondemn laws that make homosexual relations between consenting adults a crime. Of the nations with a majority of Muslim inhabitants, many, even those with secular "Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics," continue to outlaw homosexuality, though only in a minority Iran,  Yemen,  and Afghanistan  is it punishable by death. Of Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics countries where homosexuality is illegal, only Lebanon has an internal effort to legalize it.
As with social attitudes in general, religious attitudes towards homosexuality vary between and among religions and their adherents. Traditionalists among the world's major religions generally disapprove of homosexuality, and prominent opponents of social acceptance of homosexuality often cite religious arguments to support their views.
Liberal currents also exist within most religions, and modern lesbian and gay scholars of religion sometimes point to a place for homosexuality among historical traditions and scripturesand emphasise religious teachings of compassion and love.
Abrahamic religions such as JudaismIslamand various denominations of Christianity traditionally forbid sexual relations between people of the same sex and teach that such behaviour is sinful. Religious authorities point to passages in the Qur'an the Old Testament  and the New Testament  for scriptural justification of these beliefs.
Among Indic religions also known as Dharmic religionsincluding HinduismBuddhismJainism and Sikhismteachings regarding homosexuality are less clear. Unlike in western religions, homosexuality is rarely discussed. However, most contemporary religious authorities in the various Dharmic traditions view homosexuality negatively, and when it is discussed, it is discouraged or actively forbidden.
Some see this third gender as an ancient parallel to modern western lesbian, gay, transgender and intersex identities. However, this third sex is usually negatively valued as a pariah class in ancient texts. Among the Sinic religions of East Asiaincluding ConfucianismChinese folk religion and Taoismpassionate homosexual expression is usually discouraged because it is believed to not lead to human fulfillment.
In some capitalist countries, large private sector firms often lead the way in the equal treatment of gay men and lesbians.
For instance, more than half of the Fortune offer domestic partnership benefits and 49 "Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics" the Fortune 50 companies include sexual orientation in their non-discrimination policies only ExxonMobil does not. In one study, for example, two fictitious but realistic
Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics were sent to roughly 1, entry-level job openings.
The two resumes were very similar in terms of the applicant's qualifications, but one resume for each opening mentioned that the applicant had been part of a gay organization in college.
The results showed that applicants without the gay signal had an The callback gap varied widely according to the location of the job.
Most of the overall gap detected in the study was driven by the Southern and Midwestern states in the sample—Texas, Florida, and Ohio. The Western and Northeastern states in the sample California, "Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics," Pennsylvania, and New York had only small and statistically insignificant callback gaps.
Conservatism is a term broadly used for people who are inclined to traditional values. While conservatism includes people of many views, a significant proportion of its adherents consider homosexuals, and especially the efforts of homosexuals to achieve certain rights and recognition, to be a threat to valued traditions, institutions and freedoms.
Such attitudes are generally tied in with opposition to what some conservatives call the " homosexual agenda ".
The finding that attitudes to alternative sexualities correlate strongly with nature of contact and with personal beliefs is stated in a variety of research over a substantial time period, and conservative men and women stand out in their "Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics" specifically. The ATLG and its subscales are consistently correlated with other theoretically relevant constructs.
Higher scores more negative attitudes correlate significantly with high religiosity, lack of contact with gay men and lesbians, adherence to traditional sex-role attitudes, belief in a traditional family ideology, and high levels of dogmatism .
The strongest predictor of positive attitudes toward homosexuals was that the interviewee knew a gay man or lesbian.
The correlation held across each demographic subset represented in the survey—sex, education level, age—bar one: An example of conservative views can also be found in the discussion of what conservatives call " recruitment ", within a document released by the conservative Christian organization Alliance Defense Fund states:.
The homosexual activist movement are driving an agenda that will severely limit the ability to live and practice the Gospel, whether it is in the boardroom, the classroom, halls of government, private organizations, and even in places of worship. In their relentless attempts to obtain special rights, that no other special interest group has, they are in the process of redefining the family, demanding not
Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics 'tolerance' As this statement illustrates, those who believe that a disapproving attitude toward homosexuality is a tenet of their religion can see efforts to abolish such attitudes as an attack on their religious freedom.
Those who regard homosexuality as a sin or perversion can believe that acceptance of homosexual parents and same-sex marriage will redefine and diminish the institutions of family and marriage.
More generally, conservatives—by definition—prefer that institutions, traditions and values remain unchanged, and this has put many of them in opposition to efforts designed to increase the cultural acceptance and "Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics" rights of homosexuals.
"Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics" The decision was supported by a majority of the membership. Though some criticized this as a political decision, the social and political impetus for change was supported by scientific evidence.
Many religious groups and other advocates, like National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality NARTHbelieve that they can "heal" or "cure" homosexuality through conversion therapy or other methods to change sexual orientation.
In a survey of people who were undergoing conversion therapyattending " ex-gay " groups or "ex-gay" conferences, Much attention was given to the dissent from this opinion by Dr.
Robert Spitzerbut he later realized that his research was flawed and apologized for the damage it may have done. Ariel Shidlo and Dr. In many non-Western post-colonial countries, homosexual orientation is still considered to be a mental disorder and illness.
Gay men and lesbians have higher rates of mental health disorders than the rest 58 laws that discriminated against gay and lesbian people and their families. Numerous studies have demonstrated heightened prevalence of depressive and. discrimination and no other type constituted another category, and so on.
orientations, Non-discrimination towards homosexuality statistics hence it is against the law to discriminate against someone on .