MigrationGenderRisk. Recent media attention has focused on increased migration to the United States and Mexico as migrants flee growing violence in El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala, also known as the Northern Triangle countries.
As a transit and destination country for Northern Triangle migrants, Mexico is grappling with how best to deal with the influx of migrants. In
Central american women so, it is critical for Mexico to focus attention on some of the more at-risk migrants, like migrant women. Sophisticated matchmaking inc
The extreme violence is reflected in data from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which ranks Honduras as first, El Salvador as fifth, and Guatemala as sixth for countries with the highest rates of
Central american women. Moreover, El Salvador ranks first, Guatemala third, and Honduras seventh globally for rates of female homicides. Without the ability to safely live in their home countries, many women flee seeking international asylum and protection. The number of asylum applications from Northern Triangle country citizens dramatically increased by 13 times from to in the
Central american women countries of Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama.
Some women first sought asylum in Mexico before later seeking asylum in the United States, but the women reported their claims were more difficult to prove to Mexican authorities. Others fled to the United States not knowing enough about the protection system in Mexico, but would have attempted asylum in Mexico with better information and facilities. Other migrants purposely avoided asylum in Mexico. Why would I go there? That would be no escape. The migration process is arduous, costly, and dangerous.
Migrants often pay high fees to coyotes smugglers to facilitate the migration process.
In other cases, it occurs with locals, such as bus drivers, who threaten to alert officials. Criminal groups in Mexico kidnap more than 20, migrants each year.
Once captured by criminal groups, the families of the migrants are contacted for ransom money. Migrants whose families are unable to pay may be killed. Meanwhile, the migrants may face torture and abuse.
Central american women addition to the risks of extortion, kidnapping, and violence that migrants face, migrant women are also vulnerable to sexual and gender-based violence, including rape and "Central american women" assault.
Women experience sexual violence and forced disappearances often near the border. Given the frequency of sexual and gender-based violence, many migrant women take contraceptives before migrating to avoid the risk of pregnancy from rape by armed criminal groups, locals, or their smugglers.
Migrant women captured by criminal groups are also in danger of being sold into prostitution and human trafficking. Of course, undocumented migrants are also at risk of apprehension, detention, and deportation.
The Other Face of Migration:... Central american women InMexico began to fortify its detention and deportation processes by increasing law enforcement and detention facilities. Now, in response to the recent thousands of migrants fleeing to Mexico and the United States, Mexico has continued to strengthen its migration enforcement.
The heightened border security and enforcement is evident based on the increased number of apprehensions and deportations. The majority of those deported were from Northern Triangle countries. Now, with Mexico increasing its enforcement and deportations, the United States is receiving and deporting fewer Northern Triangle migrants, despite the continuing high rates of emigration.
Mexico now detains more migrants from Central America than the United States, a change that occurred only in the past year. CNDH, among others, reported violations in the detention centres, including poor conditions, abuse and
Central american women, overpopulation, and inadequate services.
Unfortunately, very little data is disaggregated by sex, making it difficult to understand detention experiences specific to women. Reports have indicated, however, that migrant women are particularly vulnerable to harassment and abuse in detention.
The experience of detention may deter migrants from applying for asylum, even in cases where international protection is truly needed. For many migrants, the conditions of the detention centre, along with the indefinite processing period, may be less appealing than deportation and restarting the migration process.
For some migrant women the anxiety experienced during detention, particularly about their detained children, makes a quick deportation preferable. Many women plan to migrate again after deportation. With increasing poverty and violence in their home countries and stricter enforcement measures in "Central american women," migrant women are not truly protected.
Harsher border and detention enforcement causes migrants to travel more dangerous and expensive routesrelying more heavily on smugglers to hide them in their journey, and risking additional violence, extortion, kidnapping, and trafficking in doing so. For women that become detained, the lack of knowledge about asylum processes and additional barriers to asylum before being returned to their home countries
Central american women does not aid nor protect them. To protect the rights of migrants, and those that are particularly vulnerable, Mexico could apply the following recommendations:.
Mexico has established programmes and policies to assist migrants and asylum-seekers, but more can and should be done on implementation and enhancing the protection of rights.
Haitian migrants follow a coyote,...
Fleeing to Mexico for Safety: A group of 33 Central American women traveling in a caravan across Mexico in search of migrant relatives (Photo
Central american women Ronaldo Schemidt/AFP/Getty Images).
#JusticiaParaImelda: the difficult battle for women's rights in Central America. DemocraciaAbierta 14 November Whilst we await the postponed trial of. The Other Face of Migration: Central American Women focuses on the dangers that Central American migrant women face while crossing Mexico en route to the .
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