Cisgender often abbreviated to simply cis is a term for people whose gender identity matches the sex that they were assigned at birth. Cisgender may also be defined as those who have "a gender identity or perform a gender role society considers appropriate for one's sex". Related terms include cissexism and cisnormativity. German sexologist Volkmar Sigusch used the neologism cissexual zissexuell in Heterosexual cisgender female in a peer-reviewed publication.
In his essay "The Neosexual Revolution", he cites his two-part article "Die Transsexuellen und unser nosomorpher Blick" "Transsexuals and our nosomorphic view" as the origin of the term. Cisgender has its origin in the Latin -derived prefix cis-meaning "on this side of", which means the opposite of trans-meaning "across from" or "on the other side of".
This usage can be seen in the cis—trans distinction in chemistry, the cis—trans or complementation test in genetics, in Ciscaucasia from the Russian perspectivein the ancient Roman term Cisalpine Gaul i.
In the case of gender, cis- describes the alignment of gender identity with assigned Sociologists Kristen Schilt and Laurel Westbrook define cisgender as a label for "individuals who have a match between the gender they were assigned at birth, their bodies, and their personal identity". Green writes, "'cisgendered' is used [instead of the more popular 'gender normative'] to refer to people who do not identify with a gender diverse experience, without enforcing existence of a normative gender expression".
Julia Serano has defined cissexual as "people who are not transsexual and who have only ever experienced their mental and physical sexes as being aligned", while cisgender is a slightly narrower term for those who do not identify as transgender a larger cultural category than the more clinical transsexual. The terms cisgender and cissexual were used in a article in the Journal of Lesbian Studies  and Serano's book Whipping Girl after which the term gained some popularity among English-speaking activists and scholars.
Serano also uses the related term cissexism"which is the belief that transsexuals' identified genders are inferior to, or less authentic than, those of cissexuals". While some believe that the term cisgender is merely politically correct   
Heterosexual cisgender female medical academics use the term and have recognized its importance in transgender studies since the s.
In FebruaryFacebook began offering "custom" gender options, allowing users to identify with one or more gender-related terms from a selected list, including cis, cisgender, and others. Krista Scott-Dixon wrote in Women's and Gender Studies scholar Mimi Marinucci writes that some consider the "cisgender—transgender" binary to be just as dangerous or self-defeating as the masculine—feminine gender binarybecause it lumps together people who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual LGB arbitrarily and "Heterosexual cisgender female" with a heteronormative class of people as opposed to with transgender people.
Characterizing LGB individuals together with heterosexual, non-trans people may problematically suggest that LGB individuals, unlike transgender individuals, "experience no mismatch between their own gender identity and gender expression and cultural expectations regarding gender identity and expression".
Glosswitch wrote in the British magazine the New Statesman that if an essential gender binary does not exist, then the idea that one's identity matches their gender is maintaining a stereotype.
Intersex people are born with atypical physical sex characteristics that can Heterosexual cisgender female initial sex assignment and lead to involuntary or coerced medical treatment. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Transgender topics Gender identities.
Health care and medicine. Multicultural intricacies in professional counseling. What every beginning counselor needs to know. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Retrieved April 20, Retrieved March 15, Retrieved January 17, Experiences of Sexual Minority Refugees in Canada". Canadian Review of Sociology. Journal of Lesbian Studies.