Tobacco smoking among school children in Colombo district, Sri Lanka. Tobacco smoking is an important problem among schoolchildren. The authors studied the patterns of tobacco smoking
Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment schoolchildren in ColomboSri Lankausing a self-administered questionnaire.
Multistaged stratified random sampling was used to select students. Response rate was Prevalence rates for males and females, respectively, were as follows: Mean age of starting to smoke was The tobacco products most used were cigarettes In univariate analysis, male gender, parental smoking, studying non-science subjects, peer smoking, and participating in sports were significantly associated with smoking of at least 1 complete cigarette P Estimates of dengue force of infection in children in ColomboSri Lanka.
Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Dengue is the most important vector-borne viral "Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment" worldwide and a major cause of childhood fever burden in Sri Lankawhich has experienced a number of large epidemics in the past decade. Despite this, data on the burden and transmission of dengue virus in the Indian Subcontinent are lacking. As part of a longitudinal fever surveillance study, we conducted a dengue seroprevalence survey among children aged ColomboSri Lanka.
We used a catalytic model to estimate the risk of primary infection among seronegative children.
The risk of primary infection was There was weak evidence to suggest that the force of primary infection could be lower for children aged 6 years and above. We estimate that there are approximately 30 primary dengue infections among children Sri Lankawith levels of transmission comparable to those in the more established epidemics of Southeast Asia. Unmarried women's decisions on pregnancy termination: Qualitative interviews in ColomboSri Lanka. In Sri Lanka pregnancy termination is very restricted by law and social norms.
Premarital sex, and pregnancies are not generally accepted and unmarried pregnant women are vulnerable in their decision-making on pregnancy termination. The objective of this study was to describe the circumstances of becoming pregnant and factors considered in the decision-making for seeking pregnancy termination in a sample of unmarried women in ColomboSri Lanka.
Individual qualitative interviews were conducted with 19 unmarried women seeking pregnancy terminations at a reproductive health centre in ColomboSri Lanka. The interviews were later analysed using qualitative content analysis.
Becoming pregnant in a love relationship was predominant in this sample. Awareness of contraceptives varied and initial reaction to the pregnancy involved strong contradictory emotions. Multiple interrelated factors were considered in the decision-making for termination.
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Family pressure was the most prominent factor followed by the partner's qualities and attitude towards the pregnancy, economic factors
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The women described that their own emotional, religious and economic reasons for continuing the pregnancy were often outweighed by their responsibility to the family, male partner and unborn child. These unmarried women's sexual and
Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment rights were limited and for many the pregnancy termination was socially unsafe.
They found themselves at the interface of two value systems. Modern values allow for relationships with men prior to marriage; whereas, traditional values did not. The limited possibilities to prevent pregnancies and little hope for support if continuing the pregnancy; made women seek pregnancy termination despite own doubts. Oviposition and vertical dispersal of Aedes mosquitoes in multiple storey buildings in Colombo district, Sri Lanka.
The Colombo City in Sri Lanka is experiencing tremendous development and construction of multiple storey buildings and high rise apartments. The change in housing types and microhabitats might have altered the flight and breeding behaviour of Aedes mosquito population.
This study was carried out to determine the vertical dispersal and abundance of Aedes mosquitoes in multiple storey buildings "Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment" the Colombo district, with respect to abiotic factors such as rainfall, humidity and wind speed. Hence, this study is of paramount importance, particularly for planning and implementation of control measures against Aedes mosquitoes.
An ovitrap based study was carried out at four selected multiple storey buildings in four residential areas located in ColomboSri Lankafrom August to December Results were analyzed using four indices; ovitrap index, mean number of larvae, mean number of eggs and mean number of larvae per ovipaddle. The results implied that Aedes mosquitoes could be found in different elevations from ground floor to the highest floor ft. There was a significant difference between height and ovitrap index pAedes mosquitoes pAedes mosquitoes are able to breed at any level of the buildings and not restricted by their height.
Abiotic factors also seemed to cause significant effect to the vertical dispersal of Aedes mosquitoes in high rise buildings. Dengue fever has increased exponentially in Sri Lankafrom Although early warning systems using predictor models have been previously developed in other settings, it is important to develop such models in each local setting.
Further, the ability of these models to be applicable at smaller geographic units will enhance current vector control and disease surveillance measures. The aim of this paper was to identify environmental and socio-economic status SES risk factors that may predict dengue fever at the Gram Niladhari Divisions GND level smallest administrative unit in Colombo city, Sri Lanka.
These factors included landcover classes, amount of vegetation, population density, water access and neighborhood SES as
Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment by roof type. A geographically weighted regression GWR was used to develop the prediction model. A total 55 GND units covering an area of 37 sq km were investigated. We found that GND units with decreased vegetation, higher built-up area, higher population density
Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment poor access to tap-water supply were associated with high risk of dengue; the pertinent GND units were concentrated in the center of the city.
This is the first study in Sri Lanka to include both environmental and socio-demographic factors in prediction models for dengue fever.
The methodology may be useful in enhancing ongoing dengue fever control measures in the country, and to be extended to other countries in the region that have an increasing incidence of dengue fever. Full Text Available Cities are becoming increasingly vulnerable to water-related issues due to rapid urbanization, installation of complex infrastructure and changes in rainfall patterns.
This study aims at assessing the impacts of climate change on rainwater harvesting systems RWH in the tropical urban city, ColomboSri Lanka.
Historical rainfall data from — is used to simulate long-term future rainfall data from — The percentage change of the rainfall is calculated. The rainfall patterns are analyzed based on the daily, monthly, seasonal and annual time scales. Water requirements are calculated based on the selected scenario types. Rainfall and water demand data are incorporated into a water balance model.
Climate change impacts for the selected RWH scenarios are calculated based on the water security analysis for each scenario.
Analysis of the future rainfall data of Colombo reveals that several extreme weather events with very heavy rainfall may occur in the future. However, the frequency of these big events may not occur too often. Most of the selected global circulation models GCMs in this study predict that there will be more rainfall towards the end of this century Residential RWH systems will be more affected than non-residential systems.
RWH systems in Colombo should include potential future climate changes in their future design and planning and be prepared for excess runoff and additional measures against potential overflow and urban floods. Use of illicit substances among
Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment in colombo district, Sri Lanka. This study aimed to understand the usage patterns and correlates of illicit drug use among schoolchildren in Colombo district, Sri Lanka. A cross-sectional study was carried out among grade 10 and 12 students using a self-administered questionnaire.
From the students selected, Betel chewing with tobacco was "Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment" in Substances such as Barbul, Madana Modaka, and cough syrups that are not established as illicit drugs were used as psychoactive substances.
Ingredients of some of these compounds are not fully understood or regulated. Prevalence of cannabis use was 3. Studying nonscience subjects for Advanced Level, doing sports, low academic performance, and peer smoking significantly increased the odds of using one or more substances P substances were used by schoolchildren.
More strategies to prevent further aggravation of these behaviors are needed. Constituents of some compounds are not understood and need further evaluation. Recognized high-risk groups can be targets for preventive and cessation programs. This study examines a model to evaluate the probability of choosing the mode of public transport with finding most significant aspects related to the characteristic of the journey, characteristic of the traveler and the personal behavior of the traveler.
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This area has the most economically advanced functions as "Dilini sri lankan actress sexual harassment" commercial capital of Sri Lanka. The correlation between dengue incidence and diurnal ranges of temperature of Colombo district, Sri Lanka — Full Text Available Background: Meteorological factors affect dengue transmission.
Mechanisms of the way in which different diurnal temperatures, ranging around different mean temperatures, influence dengue transmission were published after We endeavored to determine the correlation between dengue incidence and diurnal temperature ranges DTRs in Colombo district, Sri Lankaand to explore the possibilities of using our findings to improve control of dengue. We calculated the weekly dengue incidence in Colombo during —, after data on all of the reported dengue patients and estimated mid-year populations were collected.
We obtained daily maximum and minimum temperatures from two Colombo weather stations, averaged, and converted them into weekly data.
Weekly averages of DTR versus dengue incidence graphs were plotted and correlations observed. We propose to take advantage of that in local dengue control efforts. Our results agree with previous studies on the topic and with a mathematical model of relative vectorial capacity of Aedes aegypti. Global warming and declining DTR are likely to favor a rise of dengue, and we suggest a simple method to mitigate this.
Epidemiology and symptomatology of depression in Sri Lanka: It is important to understand the nature of depression in non-Western and lower-income countries, but little such research exists. This study aimed to examine the characteristic features of depression in Sri Lankaand to identify environmental risk factors.
Depression diagnoses, symptoms and impairment were measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, in a population-based sample of twins and non-twins in the Colombo region of Sri Lanka the CoTASS sample.
Socio-demographic factors and environments were assessed via questionnaires.
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Lifetime-ever depression was reported in 6. The symptom profile of depression and its socio-demographic associations were very comparable to those in Western and more economically developed countries, whether functional impairment was included in the definition or not. Standard of living was independently associated with depression, especially among men at the more deprived end of the distribution. Sri Lankan university is placed and thus it is these factors, rather
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