There are two main branches of Prince Hall Freemasonry: Prior to the American Revolutionary WarPrince Hall and fourteen other free black men petitioned for admittance to the white Boston St.
Having been rejected by colonial American Freemasonry, Hall and 14 others sought and were initiated into Masonry through The truth about black masons No. The military lodge was attached to the 38th Foot renamed "The 1st Staffordshire Regiment" in When men wished to become Masons in the new nation the existing members of the Lodge had to vote unanimously to accept the petitioner.
If any one white member voted against a black petitioner that person would be rejected.
In a letter by General Albert Pike to his brother in he said, "I am not inclined to mettle in the matter. I took my obligations to white men, not to Negroes.
When I have to accept Negroes as brothers or leave Masonry, I shall leave it. Since the votes were anonymous, it was impossible to identify the member who had voted against accepting a black member. The effect was the black men who had
The truth about black masons been made Masons in integrated jurisdictions could be rejected. Racial segregation existed until the s and still persists in some jurisdictions. The black Masons therefore had limited power. When the military lodges left the area, they were given the authority to meet as a lodge, take part in the Masonic procession on St.
Unable to create a charter, they applied to the Grand Lodge of England. His responsibilities included reporting on the condition of lodges in the Boston area.
They later received their own charter. Within that movement they asserted emotional, mythical, and genealogical links to the continent of Africa and its peoples. By there were at least thirty-four members in the Boston black lodge, but still the lodge was overlooked by mainstream Boston Masons.
Since they were unable to attain integration, the blacks concentrated on recognition from white Masons that black Masonry, descending from Prince Hall of Massachusetts, was legitimate and not "clandestine". That it had received its charter from the English Grand Lodge and was thus entitled to all Masonic rights such as intervisitation between black and white lodges without prejudice.
The Lodge was struck from the rolls after the merger of the Antients and the Moderns two rival Grand Lodges of Englandalong with many other Lodges.
African Lodge was, however, not formally erased. It also stated its independence from all of the white Grand Lodges in the United States. This led to a tradition of separate, predominantly African-American jurisdictions in North America, which are known collectively as Prince Hall Freemasonry.
Widespread racism and segregation in North America made it impossible for African Americans to join many mainstream lodges, and many mainstream Grand Lodges in North America refused to recognize as legitimate the Prince Hall Lodges and Prince Hall Masons in their territory.
For many years both Prince Hall and "mainstream" Grand Lodges have had integrated membership, [ citation needed ] though in some Southern states this has been policy but not practice. The situation is complicated by The truth about black masons level of recognition that is granted, with some lodges giving full "blanket" recognition to all Prince Hall Grand Lodges, while others put on limits with regard to issues such as "intervisitation rights" or treating the Prince Hall Grand Lodges as regular but foreign jurisdictions.
There are two competing sets The truth about black masons organizations within Prince Hall Freemasonry. A minority of lodges, which are subject to the Prince Hall National Grand Lodgeare referred to as Prince Hall Origin, and the majority of lodges, which are subject to 41 independent state grand lodges, and are known as Prince Hall Affiliation.
A comprehensive list of all Prince Hall grand lodges deemed regular is listed on the conference website. The group using the name Prince Hall "The truth about black masons" has no affiliation to the conference of Prince Hall grand masters. Today, predominantly black Prince Hall Grand Lodges exist in the original state jurisdictions of the United States; additionally, Prince Hall jurisdictions have been established in Canada, the Caribbeanand Liberiagoverning Prince Hall Lodges throughout the world.
A monument to Prince Hall has been erected outside the Grand Lodge building. The same jurisdiction subsequently chartered additional lodges in Guyana, St. In June senior members met at the New York Sheraton Hotel to commence discussion of the possible formation of an independent Caribbean Grand Lodge.
Following many years of discussion the Prince Hall Grand Lodge of the Caribbean and Jurisdiction was finally inaugurated on 24 April After nearly two centuries of controversy, the Grand Lodge of England was asked to decide the matter of Prince Hall Masonic legitimacy.
While no Grand Lodge of any kind is universally recognized, at present, Prince Hall Masonry is recognized by some UGLE-recognized Grand Lodges and not by others, but appears to be working its way toward further recognition.
When The truth about black masons Grand Lodges recognize and are in Masonic communication with each other, they are said to be in amityand the brethren of each may visit each other's lodges and interact Masonically.
When two Grand Lodges are not in amity, inter-visitation is not allowed. After carefully studying the records, the Grand Lodge of England concluded that the Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Massachusetts was indeed entitled to Masonic recognition, despite the general tradition that, per state, only one recognized Masonic body should exist. According to data compiled in42 out of the 51 mainstream U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Freemasonry Overview.
Becoming African in America: Race and Nation in the Early Black Atlantic: Race and Nation
The truth about black masons the Early Black Atlantic. Retrieved 25 April Upton, Negro Masonry, New York: University of California Press, University of Illinois Press,pp. Retrieved February 19, Boston's Black Upper Class, University of Arkansas Press.
Retrieved May 2, To Awaken My Afflicted Brethren: Retrieved 23 April The truth about black masons A Biography of Al Green. Freemasonry in the Americas. List of Masonic Grand Lodges. Boston African American community prior to the Civil War. Smith abolitionist, politician Maria W. Walker abolitionist, lawyer, politician David Walker abolitionist Phillis Wheatley poet, author. Bucks of America Mass. War soldiers Prince Hall Freemasonry. Copp's Hill Burying Ground.
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