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Graphs on sexualization in the media

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Saskia de Melker Saskia de Melker. Models in Paris Vogue display attributes that researchers say magnify cultural perceptions of sexualization. In a photo spread for French Vogue, models stretched and slinked on an array of exotic animal furs. Their bodies were covered in jewels. Their faces were flush with rouge. They stared seductively into the camera. Nothing about these scenes would be out of the ordinary in the haute fashion magazine, except that in this case, the models were as young as 10 years old.

The controversial spread caused a flood of criticism from media watchers and feminist bloggers alike — especially here in the U.

But in a culture where sexuality is more accepted, had the French finally gone too Graphs on sexualization in the media

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And here in the United States a growing body of research has also taken a more critical look at the sexualization of our society. Social psychologist Sarah Murnen has studied the hypersexualization of women in media for more than 25 years. The research that she and her colleagues at Kenyon College conducted over the last several Graphs on sexualization in the media found a steep increase in the pervasiveness of images in magazines that show young women in highly sexual ways.

And easy "Graphs on sexualization in the media" to all these images has made it all more acceptable to us. In particular, depictions of low-cut tops and tight fitting clothing increased. In a study of 1, advertisements from 50 well known American magazines, researchers from Wesleyan University found that half of them show women as sex objects. A woman was considered a sex object depending on her posture, facial expression, make-up, activity, camera angle and amount of skin shown.

In images where women were shown in victimized roles, the study found that most of the time they were also portrayed as sex objects. The authors noted that such images may function to normalize violence against women. Sociologists at the University of Buffalo reviewed more than 1, Rolling Stone cover images published over four decades.

They found that sexualized representations of both men and women have become more common over time. Researchers from these studies used their own coding systems to rate the images for sexualizing traits. Those traits vary from study to study but include: Some studies, like the analysis of Rolling Stone covers, assigned a sliding scale of points for each coded trait in order to get a more accurate rating of images.

For example, exposure of body parts is usually coded high for sexualization, but does not always register. In the absence of other traits, a woman wearing a bathing suit might not be coded as a sex object while a fully clothed woman in a suggestive pose could be Graphs on sexualization in the media a sex object. To get an idea of how the coding systems work, we decided to put it to the test.

From those magazines, we picked out a sampling of representative images of women in photo spreads and advertisements.

We asked experts Sarah Murnen and Erin Hatton to analyze these images using their research methods. We also want to hear what you think about these images, and the trends towards hypersexualization? What are your thoughts on the increasing sexualization of people depicted in popular culture? Let us know in the comments. Read Nov 16 The new definition of the kilogram will change the way we weigh everything.

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Objectification theorists suggest that exposure...

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